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tobacco-control-nepal

Why countries like Nepal cannot implement the Tobacco Control Act very effectively ?

[PHP Nepal Vol 2 Issue 6 Jun 2012] | In 2010, World Health Organization (WHO) estimated there were around 1.3 billion smokers in the world. Among them, more than 80% lived in low and middle income countries, where  the burden of tobacco-related illness and death is high. In response to this tobacco pandemic, WHO promulgated the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in 2003, which came into effect on 27 February 2005.

Read more: Why countries like Nepal cannot implement the Tobacco Control Act very effectively ?

air-pollution-human-health-kathmandu-nepal

Air pollution and human health in Kathmandu valley

[PHP Nepal Vol 2 Issue 5 May 2012] | Epidemiological literature has established that high concentrations of lower atmospheric pollution such as ozone, lead, and particulate matter contribute to human morbidity and mortality. Humans can inhale particulate matter with an aerodynamic size less than 10 microgram (called PM10) into the thoracic, which then moves to the lower regions of the respiratory tract carrying the potential to induce harm. The high concentration of air pollution may cause runny nose, sinusitis, headache (migraine), flu, allergy symptoms, cough, asthma, and bronchitis among others. Prolonged exposure may lead to irritation, headache, fatigue, asthma, high blood pressure, heart diseases, and even cancer.

Read more: Air pollution and human health in Kathmandu valley

adult_immunization

Economics of adult immunization

[PHP Nepal Vol 1 Issue 10 Oct-Nov 2011] | The practice of adult immunization is less widespread in all the societies though it has been constantly reiterated that it is a safe, effective, and simple way to prevent life threatening illness in adults.  Immunizations among adults, in many cases, are found to be more than 50 % effective.  Many studies have shown that immunization has the potential to significantly boost economic growth. It prevents millions of deaths every year and reduces the costs of treatment and disability caused by infectious diseases. The economic burden of a disease measures both direct cost and indirect cost associated with the disease.

Read more: Economics of adult immunization

cardiovascular-disease

Have non-communicable diseases become the major health problem in Nepal? – a call for local evidence

[PHP Nepal Vol 2 Issue 5 May 2012] | In the past few years, Nepali newspapers have been presenting alarming headlines on the rising burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Nepal. These diseases, in particular cardiovascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, cancers, and diabetes, reportedly are responsible for 60% of all deaths globally, and over 40% of all deaths in Nepal. National and international health experts have expressed their concerns over the increasing number of NCD patients, and the Ministry of Health and Population has taken initial steps towards the prevention and control of NCDs.

Read more: Have non-communicable diseases become the major health problem in Nepal? – a call for local evidence

water-scarcity-nepal

Public health and human security perspectives on importance of water

[PHP Nepal Vol 1 Issue 7 Jul 2011] | Water is a vital resource for global ecosystem and human life. The total amount of water on Earth is fixed. Majority of water is either salt water (97.5%) or locked up in glaciers (1.75%) whereas remaining 0.007 percent is only available for human use. People need safe and sufficient water to be healthy. Poor quality of water can cause water-borne diseases such as diarrhea, dysentery, cholera, and typhoid fever. A shortage of water for personal cleanliness can also lead to diseases as trachoma, plague and typhus. It can also lead to dehydration and eventually causes death. If water is mixed with chemicals from agriculture, industry, mining it causes skin rashes, cancers and other serious public health problems. 

Read more: Public health and human security perspectives on importance of water

Milanchowk, Hemja, Pokhara-Lekhnath Metropolitan City - 25, Kaski 33700, Nepal    +977-61400323 admin@phpnepal.org.np phpnepal.info@gmail.com

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