Simple hygiene steps can avert conjunctivitis 

[PHP Vol 1 Issue 2 Feb 2011] | Have you ever got pink eyes? Itchiness or irritation in the eyes? Inflammation of the lining of the white part of the eyes and the underside of the eyelid? If yes, then you have got conjunctivitis. Besides these, it shows different symptoms that can be easily isolated a single person like watery nose, eye pain, eye swelling, sticky and yellow discharge, sensitivity to light, dryness, blurred vision and fever. It is a type of eye infection that is highly contagious. Pink eyes, itchiness and inflammation or redness of the lining of white part of the eyes coupled with conjunctiva happen to everyone at one time or other. 

Viral and the bacterial conjunctivitis can easily spread from one person to another and cause epidemics. Still you can greatly reduce the risk of getting conjunctivitis through some simple good hygiene steps. Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes with dirt. Wash any discharge from around the eyes several times a day. Cleanse hands after applying eye drops or ointment. Do not use the same eyedropper for infected and non-infected eyes—even for the same person.  

If you have habit of sharing articles like towels, blankets, and pillowcases, cosmetics, contact lenses or eyeglasses–be careful! It can spread up to you. Thus, do not forget to launder the pillowcases, sheets, cloths, and towels that encountered the infected ones in hot water and detergent. If you are around someone with conjunctivitis, you can reduce your risk of infection by rinsing your hands often with soap and warm water after contact with them. Besides, maintain a proper diet rich in natural foods with vitamin A, vitamin B, etc. 

Are you preparing for your semester exams? Are you a booklover? Whatsoever, always read in places with good light or natural light. Throw away and replace any eye or face makeup, contact lens you used while infected to avoid re-infection. 

At last, know the symptoms, get treatment if needed, and prevent its spread.

Purulent Conjunctivitis of the Newborn

Acute purulent conjunctivitis in newborn
Acute purulent conjunctivitis in newborn

This infection, also called ophthalmia neonatorum, is the result of septic infection of the eyes at birth. It is caused by the eyes of the child coming in contact with the diseased vaginal secretions of the mother as the child is passing out of the mother's body. Its symptoms are less violent than purulent conjunctivitis of adults and the consequences are less severe. Infective agents are staphylococcus, pneumococcal and the gonococcus. The gonococcus (in gonorrhea! ophthalmia) is considered the most virulent of these three types of germs. Nevertheless, Health, cleanliness–these two words sum up the whole of the work of preventing the condition. A clean, healthy mother cannot possibly infect her child and they must live, eat and care for themselves in a way to insure the highest welfare of their unborn child. 

A particular antibody in the breast milk, called immunoglobulin A, prevents the pink eye bacteria from attaching to the mucosal surface of the eye. This limits the growth of the bacteria, helping to end the eye infection. However, parents should learn to clean the eyes of a child and not trust a careless or inefficient nurse. Recently, to prevent neonatal conjunctivitis, most hospitals are required by state law to put drops or ointment in newborns eyes. 

>> Source: CDC

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